Robotics engineering is a field of engineering that specializes in machine building that would replicate human actions and/or humans. It involves designing, constructing, and operating robots (machines designed as humans or machines designed to do human jobs). It is an interdisciplinary area of engineering and it encompasses mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, bioengineering, control engineering, software engineering, mechatronics, and electronics. These machines are designed for jobs that are usually done by humans. Today robots are very common in the eastern parts of the world, especially in Japan. There are hotels that are entirely served by pre-programmed robots called the Henn-Na hotel located in Nagasaki, Japan.

Robots are used for various purposes today  they are widely used in places where it is risky for humans to enter and investigate. For example, bomb detection, or inspection of radioactive materials. Robots are designed in a way that they can efficiently replicate human behavior such as walking, talking, lifting, and even cognition.


The early conception of robotics was in 3000 B.C. when the Egyptian water clocks used human figurines to strike the hour bells. Post this the robotics engineering field kept evolving and the earliest robot was created by Geroge C. Devol in the 1950s. George C. Devol was an inventor from Louisville, Kentucky. His robot however did not succeed as expected but was later acquired by joseph Engleberger who modified this robot into an industrial robot and it was an instant hit. Therefore, he was given the title of ‘the father of Robotics”. In the year 1958 Stanford Research Institute led research for developing a robot called “Shakey’. It was designed for specialized industrial actions.

The task of a robotics engineer   

The primary job of the robotics engineer is to design a robot that can do the teaks embedded in it. A robotics engineer plans and processes the design of the robot, they build and test machines, they sometimes have to create machines as well. After designing, creating, planning and processing they assemble the robot.

The focus of a robotics engineer is to understand thoroughly the client’s request, what the robots will be used for? After which they determine the specifications of the robot and discuss with the client that approximately their desired robotic product will be of a certain type, shape, and form with certain functions. The robotics engineers earn according to the product they are designing and the work they are taking.

Some of the tasks that a robotics engineer daily engages in:

  1. Planning, the task for the day, configuring, and testing the robots
  2. Preparing the cost sheet and reviewing it
  3. Analyzing quality control requirements and writing reports
  4. Designing automated robotic systems for precision and productivity
  5. Developing front end and back end software systems to manage the robots
  6. Stay up-to-date with the newest technology and current trends
  7. Provide technical support
  8. Carry on through research and development in the building process

Requirements to become a robotics engineer in India:

To become a robotics engineer in India one needs to go through a process of studying and choosing the right subjects. However, it is extremely essential that the person is passionate about robots and loves to work with machines because robots are practically human figures except for the complexities of the human world. Therefore, working in robotics is basically creation of something extraordinary therefore passion is vital.

Steps to become a robotic engineer:

  1. Aspirants should have chosen science stream in high school especially Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry.
  2. They should have a thorough knowledge of the above subjects and must pass these subjects with more than 50% marks in their 12th Board examinations.
  3. A bachelor’s degree in subjects Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics is a must.
  4. After a Bachelor’s degree, the aspirant can pursue a Master’s in technology program.
  5. Or, move to pursue robotics engineering straight after completing their 12th Board examinations.
  6. However, in India to apply to any engineering college the aspirant must clear competitive examinations.
  7. Complete an internship
  8. Work under someone to learn and experience for a few years
  9. Join a firm or start your own practice

To enter the engineering colleges an aspirant must appear competitive examinations, some examinations are centrally governed and if an aspirant has passed it with good rank then can be placed in any engineering colleges, however, some colleges have their own entrance examinations.

Some of the examinations are as follows:

  • JEE MAIN- Joint entrance exam that is conducted by the National Testing Agency.
  • GATE- The Gratitude Aptitude Test in Engineering conducted by the Indian Institutes of Technology.
  • BITSAT- Birla Institute of Science Admission Test conducted by BITS Pilani.
  • MET- Manipal Entrance test conducted by Manipal Academy of Higher Education (Manipal University)
  • VITEEE- VIT Engineering Entrance Exam conducted by Vellore Institute of Technology.
  • SRMJEE- SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Examination conducted by SRM Institute of Science and Technology.

Colleges that offer robotics engineering in India:

  1. IIT Kanpur- M. Tech in robotics engineering
  2. BITS Pilani- Mechatronics and automation & Mechanism and Robotics
  3. Indian Institute of Science Bangalore- Foundations of Robotics, Design of Cyber-Physical Systems, and Dynamics and Control of Smart Materials
  4. Manipal Institute of Technology- MTech in Industrial Automation and Robotics
  5. Amity University- BTech in robotics

Salary of a robotics engineer in India

The national average salary of a robotics engineer is roughly about 3,91,447 INR per year. The base salary in Gurgaon and Delhi is 23000-38000 INR per month. The freshers’ salary could range from 16000-20000 INR per month in major cities like Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, and Kolkata.

Robotics Engineering- Scope and Salary in India

Salary according to the job

  1. Robotics Process Automation Developer- 4,50,000 – 10,00,000 INR per year
  2. Senior Software Engineer- 3,00,000 – 9,00,000 INR per year
  3. Automation Engineer- 1,48,000 – 9,21,000 INR per year
  4. Senior Automation Engineer- 5,00,000 – 19,00,000 INR per year
  5. Senior Developer/Programmer- 5,70,000 – 9,00,000 INR per year

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